The Last Trouvére: Guillaume de Machaut (1300-1377)
Vajra Voices, known for their “shimmering resonance and elegantly paced performances” present a program of music of Machaut. Shira Kammen (vielle & harp) joins in this concert of motets, instrumentals, and Machaut’s exquisite Le Lai de la Fonteinne~ The Lay of the Fountain. The artful poems and compositions of the French cleric, poet, and composer, Guillaume de Machaut (1300-1377) exemplify the conflict between human pursuits and divine aspirations. Chivalric love offers a practice of humility, and devotion and adoration for the unattainable. For sexual desire and romantic infatuation are steps in the courtly dance of seeking union with the Divine. In Machaut’s motet, Tous corps/De souspirant cuer/ Suspiro, the top two voices sung simultaneously have completely different texts. Both poems lament and extol the joy of painful longing in unrequited love. The music for each poem is composed over a previously existing tenor line (usually from a liturgical chant) in this case, Suspiro, or Sigh. In Machaut’s Lay of the Fountain the image of a fountain serves as a beautiful metaphor for the Christian Trinity. In verse one, the narrator declares that since he is ignored by the courtly lady he pursues, he chooses, instead, to turn to the Virgin Mary. His logical argument is on how the Virgin is the source of the fountain from which the Word becomes flesh- the Christ; which gives rise to the Holy Spirit; and, all are created by God. From verse 4: “These three with little difficulty I can prove to be one: Think of a fountain, The stream flowing from it, and its source.” Verses 5 – 8 expound upon the significance of the source (Virgin Mary) and the fountain (the Trinity); and, not without a bit of humor. (See verse 7.) In verses 9 to the end, the poem becomes supplication to the Virgin that we be delivered from Satan’s grasp. Instrumental arrangements by Shira Kammen, and, Machaut’s adroit rondeau, Ma fin est mon commencement round out this program of selected works by Guillaume de Machaut: The Last Trouvére.
SINGERS: Allison Zelles Lloyd, Phoebe Jevtovic Rosquist, Amy Stuart Hunn, Celeste Winant, Karen R. Clark, Director with Shira Kammen, medieval harp & vielle
Sunday, June 3, 4:00 PM
BERKELEY ART MUSEUM & PACIFIC FILM ARCHIVE
2120 Oxford Street (at Center Street), Berkeley, CA 94720
Meet the Artists
The women’s vocal ensemble VAJRA VOICES sings medieval to modern music in a singing style inspired by Hildegard von Bingen that is “clear, sweet, and strong.” Vajra Voices debut recording O Eterne Deus: Music of Hildegard von Bingen– with instrumentalist, Shira Kammen– is called “the most convincing Hildegard disc yet from the USA” (Choir & Organ Magazine). This season Vajra Voices singing of rhapsodic chants in praise of the Divine Feminine provided inspiration for the sumptuous choreography of Garrett & Moulton’s, Divining, which premiered in Oakland Ballet’s production, A Capella: Our Bodies Sing. KQED wrote, “Unearthly sounds of medieval hymns were thrillingly spun by Vajra Voices.” Vajra Voices also presented A Medieval Veneration of Mary on the Full concert series, in the new Berkeley Art Museum Pacific Film Archive.
Founder and director of Vajra Voice’s, KAREN R. CLARK (contralto) has performed and recorded with world renown ensembles, to include, Sequentia, Boston Camerata, Project Are Nova, the Waverly Consort, New York Early Music, Pomerium Musices, and Joshua Rifkin’s Bach Ensemble. Karen holds degrees from the Indiana University School of Music where she studied with the legendary artists Virginia Zeani, and Thomas Binkley. In new music, Karen has premiered and recorded works by award-winning composers, such as, Joseph Schwantner, Ben Johnston, Fred Frith, and Roy Whelden. Her recording with the Galax Quartet, On Cold Mountain: Songs on Poems of Gary Snyder (Innova) was the culmination of concerts with the Pulitzer Poet, Gary Snyder. Joshua Kosman (San Francisco Chronicle) wrote,“It’s mesmerizing in it’s unplaceable timelessness. Clark’s majestic, throaty singing hints of modernist extravagance and medieval troubadours.” Karen has served as private voice instructor and ensemble director in the music schools and departments of UC Berkeley, USC Thornton School of Music, Sonoma State University, Swarthmore College, and Princeton University. Additionally, Karen’s lecture/demonstrations, workshops and classes have been hosted by The Jung Institute, San Francisco; Chanticleer Workshops in Sonoma, Grace Cathedral Camerata Choir, The San Francisco Choral Society, San Francisco Early Music Society, The Madison Festival, Amherst Early Music, and Stanford University. www.karenrclark.com
AMY STUART HUNN holds advanced degrees in choral conducting from Stanford University and USC. She is Emeritus Artistic Director of the Los Altos-based Collage Vocal Ensemble, and served as director of the Stanford Summer Chorus for eight seasons. She recently relocated to Portland, Oregon with her family, where she sings with the Trinity Episcopal Cathedral Choir, and will this spring appear with the women’s vocal ensemble In Mulieribus.
Soprano PHOEBE JEVTOVIC ROSQUIST’s singing spans repertoire from the medieval to the contemporary, with a specialty in the baroque era. She has appeared as a soloist with the Waverly Consort, Voices of Music, American Bach Soloists, Musica Angelica, Bach Collegium San Diego, and North Holland Opera. Among her varied collaborations are the baroque ensemble La Monica; medieval ensemble Cançonièr; art song with celebrated pianist Robert Thies; and early music and dance with Italy’s visionary Art Monastery Project and Bologna-based Cappella Artemisia. Phoebe completed her Master of Arts degree in Early Music Performance at the University of Southern California, and has edited a book of 17th century solo songs by Tarquinio Merula published by A-R Editions. Also a choral conductor, she has directed a Gregorian chant choir in Newport Beach, directed the Art Monastery Coro in the U.S. and Italy, and co-directs the Women’s Antique Vocal Ensemble (WAVE) in Berkeley.
ALLISON ZELLES LLOYD soprano has recorded and performed in the U.S. and Europe with with Steve Reich, Paul Hillier’s Theatre of Voices, American Bach Soloists, Bimbetta, Altramar, Vajra Voices, Ensemble Alcatraz, Calextone and harp ensemble Angelorum. Allison can also be heard on several Indiana University Focus label recordings including the Hildegard The Lauds of St. Ursula, and the recent 2013 Naxos release of Bortniansky Hymns and Choral Concertos. Allison holds a Masters of Music degree from the IU Early Music Institute. Allison teaches Music Together and Orff Schulwerkmusic programs in the SF Bay Area and is a lecturer on Early Childhood Music Education (Montessori) at St. Mary’s College.
CELESTE WINANT, mezzo-soprano, performs with Vajra Voices, American Bach Soloists, Bach Collegium San Diego, Philharmonia Chorale, and Volti. She toured with San Francisco Lyric Opera’s critically-acclaimed production of David Lang’s Pulitzer Prize-winning the little match girl passion in Odense, Denmark, and recently was featured in Luciano Berio’s Sinfonia with the UC Davis Symphony Orchestra. In 2015 Celeste was a featured soloist with the UC Berkeley Chamber Chorus, North Valley Chamber Chorale.
Multi-instrumentalist SHIRA KAMMEN has spent much of her life exploring the worlds of early and traditional music of all kinds. A member for many years of the early music Ensembles Alcatraz and Project Ars Nova, she has also worked with Sequentia, Hesperion XX, the Boston Camerata, storyteller/harpist Patrick Ball, singers Azam Ali and Joanna Newsom, the Balkan group Kitka, Anonymous IV, the King’s Noyse, the Newberry and Folger Consorts, The Compass of the Rose, Vajra Voices, Calextone, the Oregon, California and San Francisco Shakespeare Festivals, and is the founder of Class V Music, an ensemble dedicated to providing music on river rafting trips. She has worked with students in many different settings, among them teaching summer music workshops in the woods, coaching students of early music in such schools as Yale University, Case Western, the University of Oregon at Eugene, and working at specialized seminars at the Fondazione Cini in Venice, Italy and the Scuola Cantorum Basiliensis in Switzerland. Shira has played on several television and movie soundtracks, including ‘O’, a modern high school-setting of Othello and ‘’The Nativity Story’, and has accompanied many diverse artists in recording projects, among them singers Azam Ali and Joanna Newsom. Some of her original music can be heard in an independent film about fans of the work of JRR Tolkien. The strangest place Shira has played is in the elephant pit of the Jerusalem Zoo. She has recently taken courses in Taiko drumming and voiceover acting.